Home

Scanning probe microscopy review

Buy Your Slides For Microscope at Amazon - Save on Slides For Microscop

  1. Free UK Delivery on Eligible Orders for Your Photography Needs. Order Today
  2. Over 1 569 Microscopy jobs available. Your job search starts here. Find your dream job on neuvoo, the largest job site worldwide
  3. The introduction of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques revolutionized the field of condensed matter science by allowing researchers to probe the structure and composition of materials on an atomic scale
  4. 5.0 out of 5 stars A superb scanning probe microscopy textbook Reviewed in the United States on October 28, 2016 Voigtländer's book is an excellent text for anyone looking for a comprehensive, up-to-date description of scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy
  5. Scanning Probe Microscopy: From Sublime to Ubiquitous Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 115505 (2003) This collection marks the 35th anniversary of scanning tunneling microscopy and the 30th anniversary of atomic force microscopy. As a first year graduate student, my journal club beat included Helvetica Physica Acta
  6. This review describes the application of scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy, the two most commonly applied SPM techniques, in the characterisation of liposome-DNA complexes...
  7. Hard point-contact spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy/spectroscopy are powerful techniques for investigating materials with strong expandability. To support these studies, tips with various..

Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is an electroanalytical scanning probe technique capable of imaging substrate topography and local reactivity with high resolution Scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM) is a versatile type of scanning probe microscopy for studies in molecular biology and materials science. Recent advances in feedback and probe fabrication have greatly increased the resolution, stability, and speed of imaging Scanning probe microscopy was developed in the 1980s to enable scientists to investigate surfaces with atomic resolution. Scanning probe microscopes have a very sharp tip - so sharp that may be only one atom across at the tip. By dragging this tip around on different surfaces and recording the interactio

Microscopy Jobs - Recruiters Need Your Skill

Scanning probe microscopy was developed late in the twentieth century to allow the investigation of surfaces with atomic resolution, which is beyond the capability of an electron microscope. Dr Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques, like atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), or tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS), have become an integral part of surface characterization in research and development. During the last decades, a variet Scanning Probe Microscopy is part of the Institute for Molecules and Materials (IMM).The IMM is an interdisciplinary research institute in chemistry and physics at Radboud University. IMM's mission is to perform fundamental research to understand, design and control the functioning of molecules and materials and to train the next generation of leaders in science and entrepreneurship at the. Analysis of scanning probe microscope (SPM) data, a standard tool for investigating nanoscale surface structure in real space, can be a very time consuming task. A huge portion of researcher time is invested in manual data analysis, often in multiple software packages, or into writing custom analysis scripts

Review: Recent Advances and Current Challenges in Scanning

Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is a branch of microscopy that forms images of surfaces using a physical probe that scans the specimen. An image of the surface is obtained by mechanically moving the probe in a raster scan of the specimen, line by line, and recording the probe-surface interaction as a function of position. SPM was founded with the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is a widely used experimental technique for characterizing and fabricating nanostructures on surfaces. In particular, due to its ability to spatially map variations in materials properties with nanometer spatial resolution, SPM is particularly well suited to probe the subcomponents and interfaces of hybrid nanomaterials, i.e., materials that are made up of. Scanning Probe Microscopy and Spectroscopy, Second Edition is an indispensable working resource for surface scientists, microscopists, and spectroscopists in materials science, chemistry, engineering, biochemistry, physics, and the life sciences Scanning tunneling microscopy - with its applications that span not only atomic resolution but also scanning tunneling spectroscopy, atom/molecule manipulation and nanostructuring, and inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy - has achieved remarkable progress and become the key technology for surface science. Besides, atomic force microscopy is also rapidly developing and achieving. This brief review focuses on the functional and biomechanical studies of chondrocytes and articular cartilage, using microscopic imaging from optical microscopies to scanning probe microscopy

Amazon.com: Customer reviews: Scanning Probe Microscopy ..

  1. A superb scanning probe microscopy textbook Reviewed in the United States on October 28, 2016 Voigtländer's book is an excellent text for anyone looking for a comprehensive, up-to-date description of scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy
  2. Fundamentals of the scanning probe microscopy 1. The scanning probe microscopy technique 1.1. Principles of work of scanning probe microscopes Research of a surface microrelief and its local properties is performed by scanning probe microscopes using specially prepared tips in the form of needles. The working part of such tips (th
  3. A number of general reviews 1-21 and two monographs 22,23 have also been published. SECM differs from other scanning probe methods such as scanning tunneling (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) in that well-developed electrochemical methods are used to quantitatively probe the chemistry of a substrate
  4. If you do scanning probe microscopy using Nanonis controllers then this application may come in handy. This is a shell extension for Windows (Vista, 7 , 8 and above) to enable visualisation of your SXM image files in windows explorer. Hovering over the file also shows a 'tooltip' with information about the image scan size and feedback parameters used
  5. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) takes on different forms depending on the operating environment (ambient, liquid or vacuum), the type of measurement force under investigation (short-range or long-range), and the actuation scheme (mechanical, electrical, magnetic, or optical). SPM is a well-established high-resolution imaging tool
  6. Read Customer Reviews & Find Best Sellers. Oder Today
  7. A review of scanning methods and control implications for scanning probe microscopy Abstract: In a scanning probe microscope (SPM), the image is obtained by scanning a sample relative to a physical probe which captures the topography. The conventional scanning method is a raster pattern where a triangular or sawtooth waveform is applied to the.

The scanning probe microscope has found applications in metrology, spectroscopy, and lithography. We will review the background of the technology, discuss the different types of scanning probe microscopes including the scanning tunneling microscope and the scanning force microscope, and present many of the applications for the instrument This Review discusses the proof-of-principle methodologies applied to probe topological magnets and superconductors with scanning tunnelling microscopy. B. Scanning Probe Microscopy (Springer. Invited Review Article: A 10 mK scanning probe microscopy facility. Review of Scientific Instruments, 2010. Young Jae Son ultra-high-resolution scanning probe microscopy techniques. Tutorial Review Chem Soc Rev Open Access Article. Published on 08 June 2020. Downloaded on 5/3/2021 11:56:08 AM. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. View Article Onlin Invited Review Article: A 10 mK scanning probe microscopy facilit

It reviews recent progress in the use of SPMs on such soft materials as polymers, with a particular emphasis on chemical discrimination, mechanical properties, tip-induced reactions and manipulations, as well as their nanoscale electrical properties. Scanning Probe Microscopy of Complex Polymer Systems: Beyond Imaging their Morphology. Scanning Hall probe microscopy (SHPM) (Chang et. al., 1992) is a quantitative and noninvasive technique for magnetic imaging, which uses a nano-Hall sensor to form the detailed and useful review of the MRFM method has recently been compiled by Poggio and Degen (2010) The scanning tunneling microscope has shown us that it is possible to control and scan a tip over a conducting surface with angstrom precision. More recently, the same generic principle of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) has been applied to many other novel scanned probe microscopies. In general all these microscopies come under the class of microscopy called superresolution microscopy. Scanning probe microscopes (SPMs) are commonly used in the field of nanoscience and technology for high-resolution imaging and quantitative measurements of nanoscale properties. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning ion-conductance microscopy (SICM) are well-established SPM techniques. In SPM, a probe with a very sharp tip is utilized to.

Physical Review Letters - Scanning Probe Microscopy: From

In this article we present a review on instrumentation and the modes of operation of a scanning probe microscope. In detail, we review the main techniques of Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM), which are Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), focusing our attention on the latter one Precise Nanoscale Measurements with Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM): A Review. Ma Z, Zhao M, Qu Z, Gao J, Wang F, Shi Y, Qin L, Liu J. For many of measurements, it is important to know the interaction of the measuring device with the artefact being measured in order to determine the accurate magnitude of the quantity Scanning Probe Microscopy is a series of techniques based on a class of new instruments that originated from the scanning tunneling microscope. In 1981, researchers Gerd Binning and Heinrich Rohrer at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory developed the scanning tunneling microscope, enabling imaging of conducting surfaces with atom scale resolution

A recent breakthrough has been the use of scanning probe microscopes to image individual atoms on the surfaces of solid materials. Students have an opportunity to image the magnetic fields of refrigerator magnets with a probe tip cut from the magnet; and to image an electrically conducting surface using the probe of a simple multi. This book explains the operating principles of atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy. The aim of this book is to enable the reader to operate a scanning probe microscope successfully and understand the data obtained with the microscope. The chapters on the scanning probe

(PDF) A Review of Scanning Probe Microscopy Investigations

Scanning Probe Microscopy brings up to date a constantly growing knowledge base of electrical and electromechanical characterization at the nanoscale. This comprehensive, two-volume set presents practical and theoretical issues of advanced scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques ranging from fundamental physical studies to device characterization, failure analysis, and nanofabrication Global and China Scanning Probe Microscopy Industry Research and 2019 Forecast Report - Market Research Report on Global and Chinese Scanning Probe Microscopy Industry, 2009-2019 is a professional and in-depth market survey on Global and Chinese Scanning Probe Microscopy industry. The report firstly reviews the basic information of Scanning Probe Microscopy including its classification. @MISC{Stadelmann_reviewof, author = {Tim Stadelmann}, title = {Review of Scanning Probe Microscopy Techniques}, year = {}} Share. OpenURL . Abstract ¿e present review has originated as an expanded version of chapter 2 ofmyDPhil thesis [1]. It is pro-vided in the hope that it may serve as a useful in Corpus ID: 136932565. Scanning Probe Microscopy: Electrical and Electromechanical Phenomena at the Nanoscale @inproceedings{Kalinin2016ScanningPM, title={Scanning Probe Microscopy: Electrical and Electromechanical Phenomena at the Nanoscale}, author={S. Kalinin and A. Gruverman}, year={2016}

26963 PDFs Review articles in SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOP

  1. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) includes techniques such as scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM). Scanning probe microscopes have started a new era in microscopy by providing depth maps at an unprecedented resolution
  2. This article is concerned with the production of scanning probe microscopy tips from wires of platinum/iridium. Their mounting in a scanning tunneling microscope ~STM! is straightforward, while for atomic force microscopy ~AFM! and scanning electrostatic force microscopy ~SEFM! they have to be bent and given a reflecting cantilever facet
  3. Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM): Microscopic Methods Scanning probe microscopy started with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in 1981 (Binnig, Rohrer; Nobel Price 1986).In 1984 the scanning near field optical microscope SNOM (or NSOM) by Pohl et al. and in 1986 the SFM (or AFM, atomic force microscopy) by Binnig, Gerber and Quate was added to the family of SPMs

Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) builds up a picture of a specimen by scanning with a physical probe; unrestrained by the wavelength of light or electrons, the resolution obtainable with this technique can resolve atoms. SPM instruments include the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) Scanning Probe Microscopy P.O. Box 9010 // 078 6500 GL Nijmegen The Netherland *Microbiology, Cell Biology and Microscopy Research* Best Microscope Reviews/Guides Welcome to MicroscopeMaster - Your Micro-Resource! Enjoy our articles on cell biology, the microbiology of our environment, experiments, all types of techniques and applications as well as up to date microscopy news to expand your knowledge Today's probe microscopy research community usually traces the origin of the technique back to 1981, when Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig, researchers at the IBM laboratory near Zurich, invented a rudimentary version of the scanning tunneling microscope with help from technical staff, most notably Christoph Gerber speed at which traditional microscopy tools, such as confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and electron microscopy (EM), capture an image. However, its main advantage in biomedicine is the ability to probe and alter the mechanobiological characteristics of living cells and tissues in order to examin

Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: A Comprehensive

JEOL Introduces New Compact Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope An additional layer of complexity comes with digital image acquisition in contemporary SEMs . The final image pixel resolution influences the smallest features that can be resolved, this means that the resolution measurement is closely linked to the pixel size The Focus Collection in Nanotechnology has been put together to celebrate two key anniversaries in the field of Scanning Probe Microscopy. The year 2016 represents thirty years since the Nobel Prize was awarded for the design of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope and thirty years since the first publication in the field of Atomic Force Microscopy correlated in space and time. This review highlights different approaches using scanning probe biosen-sors in the micro- and nanometer regime to obtain laterally resolved information on bioactivity at a sample surface. Recent developments in scanning probe microscopy in combination with advances in surfac

Several books and review articles on scanning probe microscopy have been written over the last two decades since its discovery. They include general topics that address the theory and operating principles behind the technique, and specialized topics that discuss their applicatio This is a comprehensive review of the combination of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) with various optical spectroscopies, with a particular focus on Raman spectroscopy. Efforts to combine SPM with optical spectroscopy will be described, and the technical difficulties encountered will be examined. These efforts have so far focused mainly on the development of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, a. Finally, we review practical applications of optical force detection of interest for the broader field of the scanning probe microscopy. Typical measurements of light in the near-field utilize a photodetector such as a photomultiplier tube or a photodiode, which is placed remotely from the region under test 26 Scanning Probe Microscopy jobs available on Indeed.com. Apply to Post-doctoral Fellow, Engineer, Advanced Eelectron Microscopy Postdoc and more We use scanning probe microscopy to probe the properties of such materials at nanometer length scales well below the diffraction limit. We combine optical excitation with electrical and mechanical detection using a scanning probe tip to connect local structure with the performance of semiconductor optoelectronic device performance

Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is a collective term for high resolution measurements in which the surface of an object is scanned with a very small probe to produce a three-dimensional image. Scanning electrochemical microscopy: a comprehensive review of experimental parameters from 1989 to 2015. Chem. Rev. 116, 13234-13278. 10.1021/acs. This special issue is realized in conjunction with the 27th International Colloquium on Scanning Probe Microscopy (ICSPM27) held at Shuzenji, Shizuoka, Japan, from December 5 to 7, 2019. The ICSPM series was established in 1985 as a domestic meeting of the Thin Film and Surface Physics Division, The Japan Society of Applied Physics, and was. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is a powerful microscopy technique that allows for the imaging of surface structures at an atomic resolution with sample damage. SPM can also measure other characteristics, be they electrical or magnetic The experimental setup showing the membrane and probe holder (left) and a scanning microscope image of a mixture of gold nanospheres and virus particles (right). × To demonstrate force microscopy, the team performed imaging scans of two types of samples: gold nanoparticles and virus specimens

Bringing Scanning Probe Microscopy up to Speed introduces the principles of scanning probe systems with particular emphasis on techniques for increasing speed. The authors include useful information on the characteristics and limitations of current state-of-the-art machines as well as the properties of the systems that will follow in the future PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 033404 (2012) Scanning probe microscopy imaging of metallic nanocontacts D. Stoffler,¨ 1S. Fostner,2 P. Gr utter,¨ 2 and R. Hoffmann-Vogel 1Physikalisches Institut and DFG-Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Campus South, D-76128 Karlsruhe, Germany 2Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscopy Selected Literature References. A number of books and review articles covering important topics in near-field scanning optical microscopy have been published by leading researchers in the field The universal tendency in scanning probe microscopy (SPM) over the last two decades is to transition from simple 2D imaging to complex detection and spectroscopic imaging modes. The emergence of complex SPM engines brings forth the challenge of reliable data interpretation, i.e., conversion from detected signals to descriptors specific to tip.

Introduction.- Harmonic Oscillator.- Technical Aspects of Scanning Probe Microscopy.- Scanning Probe Microscopy Designs.- Electronics for Scanning Probe Microscopy.- Lock-In Technique.- Data Representation and Image Processing.- Artifacts in SPM.- Work Function, Contact Potential, and Kelvin Probe Scanning Force Microscopy.- Surface States. From the reviews:Vol. XI contains contributions about recent developments in scanning probe microscopy techniques. … The editors and their talented authors have been among the leaders in the study of probe methods. … Each chapter captures both the excitement and the importance of the work and conclusions reported, and will make profitable reading for researchers at all experience. 24 Scanning Probe Microscopy jobs available on Indeed.com. Apply to Post-doctoral Fellow, Senior Optical Engineer, Animator and more Scanning Laser Microscope information. 100% Privacy Protecte

Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy Annual Review of

2. AFM and SNOM: The Use of Force and Light. During the past 30 years, scanning probe microscopies (SPM) quickly gained widespread attention, from hard materials science to biology [].SPM encompasses a family of surface-sensitive techniques, each of which is based on the interrogation at the nanometer level of a specific physical property by a sharp proximal probe The new future of scanning probe microscopy: Combining atomic force microscopy with other surface-sensitive techniques, optical microscopy and fluorescence techniques Hereby we review the recent efforts towards such development, describing the aim and the applications resulting from the combination of AFM with spectroscopic, optical. Scanning probe microscopy techniques can examine local phenomena, and conductive atomic force microscopy can, in particular, study local electromechanical properties. Lanza, M. A review on. Scanning Quantum Dot Microscopy Christian Wagner, Matthew F. B. Green, Philipp Leinen, Thorsten Deilmann, Peter Krüger, Michael Rohlfing, Ruslan Temirov, and F. Stefan Tautz Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 026101 - Published 6 July 2015 See Viewpoint: Pushing the Potential of Probe Microscopy

Scanning tunnelling microscopy: Computer simulations

This article reviews current progress in multidimensional scanning probe microscopy techniques based on band excitation time and voltage spectroscopies, including discussions on data acquisition, dimensionality reduction, and visualization, along with future challenges and opportunities for the field Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) has revolutionized the fields of materials, nano-science, chemistry, and biology, by enabling mapping of surface properties and surface manipulation with atomic precision. However, these achievements require constant human supervision; fully automated SPM has not been accomplished yet DALIA G. YABLON, PhD, developed and led a state-of-the-art scanning probe microscopy facility for more than ten years in Corporate Strategic Research, the flagship R&D center of ExxonMobil Corporation. Under her direction, scanning probe microscopy was used to characterize, conduct failure analysis, and probe structure-property relationships across all sectors of the vast petroleum business. In order to study these systems on a local level we are developing a low temperature scanning probe microscope (LTSPM) based on a tuning fork transducer to operate at millikelvin temperatures. This LTSPM will be capable of performing magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) in addition to atomic force microscopy. As the first step, we develop a sequential excitation scanning probe microscopy (SE-SPM) technique [] to acquire high-quality, efficient and physically relevant data in the frequency domain, and the method can be easily implemented in any standard atomic force microscope (AFM) without the need for any additional hardware and instrumentation [].To this end, we note that the majority of SPM.

Kelvin probe force microscope | Wiki | Everipedia

probe force microscpy (KPFM, alson know as scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM)). We will introduce the operation principles of these two techniques and review our recent studies on CNT using EFM. Studies conducted by other groups are also reviewed. 1.1. History of atomic force microscop (2005). Electrical Scanning Probe Microscopy: Investigating the Inner Workings of Electronic and Optoelectronic Devices. Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences: Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 71-124 Scanning Probe Microscopy. A scanning probe microscope does not use light or electrons, but rather very sharp probes that are passed over the surface of the specimen and interact with it directly. This produces information that can be assembled into images with magnifications up to 100,000,000⨯ Focused Electron Beam-Based 3D Nanoprinting for Scanning Probe Microscopy: A Review Show authors by Harald Plank, Robert Winkler, Chris Schwalb, Johanna Hutner, Jason D Fowlkes, Philip D Rack, Ivo Utke, Michael Hut

Scanning Probe Microscopy: From Sublime to Ubiquitous This collection marks the 35th anniversary of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and the 30th anniversary of atomic force microscopy (AFM). These papers, all published in the Physical Review journals, highlight the positive impact that STM and AFM have had, and continue to have, on physical. Translated title of the contribution: Detailed scanning probe microscopy tip models determined from simultaneous atom-resolved AFM and STM studies of the TiO2(110) surfac

A new collaboration has demonstrated fully-autonomous Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) operation, applying artificial intelligence (AI) and deep learning to remove the need for constant human supervision.. According to the researchers, the new system, dubbed DeepSPM, bridges the gap between nanoscience, automation and AI, firmly establishing the use of machine learning for experimental. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. Moore, Sarah. (2020, March 19). Researches develop a new method of scanning probe microscopy. SPM scanning probe microscopy/microscope STM scanning tunneling microscopy/microscope Introduction Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) continues to be an innovative and rapidly growing field of research. Of the many SPMs, atomic force microscopy (AFM) is currently the one that is being used most for biomedical research. Therefore, our review mostly. Scanning probe microscopy is a technique used to produce images of a sample's surface. Chemistry and biology laboratories use scanning probe microscopy to analyze samples as diverse as DNA and chromosomes to ceramics and silicon wafers. Industrial labs use scanning probe microscopy in research and development, as well as analysis

PNNL: Analyzing the Status of Oxide Surface PhotochemicalCrystals | Free Full-Text | Epitaxial Graphene andtransmission electron microscope (TEM) | instrumentSECM - Mauzeroll GroupnanoHUBCleanroom in a GloveboxScanning electrochemical microscopy: principles and

In this review we discuss the findings of scanning probe microscopy and how it has served as an indispensable tool to understand the properties of graphene and further graphene research. AB - A material with novel fundamental properties that challenge our current understanding is always exciting for research iii ABSTRACT Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) has allowed researchers to measure materials structural and functional properties, such as atomic displacements and electronic properties at the nanoscale Acoustic Scanning Probe Microscopy by Marinello, Francesco available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. This comprehensive presentation of a powerful new technology deals with everything from basic..

  • Avon collectibles wanted.
  • Levels of school culture.
  • Divine sensitivity.
  • Pediatrician Near Me accepting new patients.
  • Baked pheasant breast recipes.
  • How to list items on Ruby Lane.
  • Ebrandon wanted.
  • 2010 Camaro SS transmission For sale.
  • Wedding planner salary Florida.
  • Is it rude to not tip.
  • Home equity projection calculator.
  • Tennessee Tech University scholarships.
  • How to clear input field after submit react hooks.
  • Being a free spirited woman.
  • Park Bom Song.
  • Eye allergies in dogs.
  • Best Islamic Army.
  • The Scientist Piano sheet music (Easy).
  • 2005 Dodge Caravan power steering pump replacement cost.
  • What percentage of dentists are Black females.
  • Funny pilot PA announcements.
  • Amazon Shewee Flexi.
  • Latest High Court in India.
  • NHL Shop Canada.
  • Why is culture important in business.
  • Vacuum Brazing Furnace manufacturers in India.
  • New Windows 7 Wallpaper HD.
  • Orthodontic Band Remover Pliers.
  • Dal Tile Dallas texas.
  • European coatings directory.
  • Tree care certification.
  • Santa clarita to lancaster ca.
  • Big dog clothes Amazon.
  • Types of bi girl.
  • 93 Fleer Ultra Series 1 Baseball.
  • History of Apple company ppt.
  • Methadone dispensing machine.
  • Are death certificates public record in Minnesota.
  • Living with consequences of sin.
  • Bears an upward protrusion called the rooster comb.
  • Sights and Sounds.